ASTM A320 Stud Bolts covers alloy steel and stainless steel bolting material grades such as B8, B8M, L7, L7M, L43, B8, B8M, B8C, B8T, etc.,For pressure vessels, valves, flanges, and fittings for low- temperature service. The term "bolting material" as used in this specification covers rolled, forged, or strain hardened bars, bolts, screws, studs, and stud bolts. The bars shall be hot- wrought. The material may be further processed by centerless grinding or by cold drawing. Austenitic stainless steel may be solution annealed or annealed and strain-hardened.
Savoy Piping Inc. stocks ASTM A320 Stud Bolts from 3/8” - 4” diameter in Imperial Sizes: Plain (black) finish, Teflon Blue, and Cadium Plating. We also stocks B8 and B8M stud bolts. We can also provide larger stud bolts, stud bolts made from different materials (L7, L43, B8M, B8M, , Alloy 20, Monel, Hastelloy, Inconel, Titanium, etc), as well as different coatings. While many of the larger diameter items can be made available for a next-day delivery, some of the special alloys and coatings may be subject to a longer lead time.
|ASTM A320 L7 Alloy steel||AISI 4140/4142 Quenched and tempered|
|ASTM A320 L43 Alloy steel||AISI 4340 Quenched and tempered|
|ASTM A320 B8 Class 1 Stainless steel||AISI 304, carbide solution treated|
|ASTM A320 B8M Class 1 Stainless steel||AISI 316, carbide solution treated|
|ASTM A320 B8 Class 2 Stainless steel||AISI 304, carbide solution treated, strain hardened|
|ASTM A320 B8M Class 2 Stainless steel||AISI 316, carbide solution treated, strain hardened|
See Also: ASTM A320 at ASTM.org.
Grade L7 This is the most common A320 bolt grade. A320 Grade L7 bolts and threaded studs are manufactured from alloy steel with chromium, manganese, and molybdenum. The bolts undergo a heat treating process to reach their required mechanical properties. L7 threaded studs and short, headed bolts are readily available in the marketplace. These bolts are typically bought and sold in a plain, bare metal finish. L7 bolts are available through 2-1/2” in diameter. A320 Grade L7 bolts larger than 1/2″ diameter require a Charpy impact test.
ASTM A320 Grade B8 Class 1 bolts and threaded studs are manufactured from AISI 304 stainless steel. These bolts are heated and then water-quenched through carbide solution treatment, or solution annealing, which ensures the bolts are corrosion resistant. A320 Grade B8 Class 2 bolts are annealed and strain hardened to achieve increased strength characteristics. These bolts do not require an impact test.
ASTM A320 Grade 8M Class 1 fasteners are similar to Grade B8 but instead are manufactured from AISI 316 stainless steel as opposed to AISI 304 stainless steel. Although more expensive, type 316 stainless offers superior corrosion resistance compared to type 304 stainless. Grade B8M Class 1 fasteners require carbide solution treatment, while Class 2 fasteners require an additional strain hardening operation. A320 Grade B8M bolts also do not require an impact test.
ASTM A320 Grade L43 bolts and threaded studs are manufactured from AISI 4340 material and are also quenched and tempered. L43 bolts can be as large as 4” in diameter, whereas Grade L7 does not exceed 2-1/2” diameter. L43 strength and chemical properties are virtually identical to L7 but may perform more favorably with regard to Charpy impact testing.
ASTM A320 Grade L7M bolts and threaded studs are also manufactured from quenched and tempered alloy steel. The mechanical properties and requirements are lower compared to L7 bolts. L7M bolts are required to have 100% hardness testing. The final heat-treatment must be performed after machining or rolling of the threads and any type of cutting. This grade is typically used in sour gas applications.
|Grade||Diameter||Tensile, ksi, min||Yield, ksi, min||Charpy Impact 20-ft-lbf @ temp||Elong, %, min||RA, %, min|
|L7||Up to 21⁄2||125||105||-150° F||16||50|
|L43||Up to 4||125||105||-150° F||16||50|
|Class 1: BC, B8C, B8M, B8P, B8F, B8T, B8LN, B8MLN||All||75||30||N/A||30||50|
|Class 1A: B8A, B8CA, B8MA, B8PA, B8FA, B8TA, B8LNA, B8MLNA||All||75||30||N/A||30||50|
|Class 2: B8, B8C, B8P, B8F, B8T||Up to 3⁄4||125||100||N/A||12||35|
|7⁄8 - 1||115||80||N/A||15||35|
|11⁄8 - 11⁄4||105||65||N/A||20||35|
|13⁄8 - 11⁄2||100||50||N/A||28||45|
|Class 2: B8M||Up to 3⁄4||110||95||N/A||15||45|
|7⁄8 - 1||100||80||N/A||20||45|
|11⁄8 - 11⁄4||95||65||N/A||25||45|
|13⁄8 - 11⁄2||90||50||N/A||30||45|
|Element||L7 (AISI 4140)||L43 (AISI 4340)||B8 (AISI 304)||B8M (AISI 316)|
|Carbon||0.38 - 0.48%||0.38 - 0.43%||0.08% max||0.08% max|
|Manganese||0.75 - 1.00%||0.75 - 1.00%||2.00% max||2.00% max|
|Silicon||0.15 - 0.35%||0.15 - 0.35%||1.00% max||1.00% max|
|Chromium||0.80 - 1.10%||0.70 - 0.90%||18.0 - 20.0%||16.0 - 18.0%|
|Nickel||1.65 - 2.00%||8.0 - 11.0%||10.0 - 14.0%|
|Molybdenum||0.15 - 0.25%||0.20 - 0.30%||2.00 - 3.00%|
|L7||A194 Grade 4 or 7||F436|
|L43||A194 Grade 4 or 7||F436|
|B8 Class 1||A194 Grade 8||SS304|
|B8M Class 1||A194 Grade 8M||SS316|
|B8 Class 2||A194 Grade 8||SS304|
|B8M Class 2||A194 Grade 8M||SS316|
|Strain hardened nuts available as a supplementary requirement|
|ASTM A320 Stud Bolts Size Range||3/8" to 4" Diameter (Imperial & Standard) .|
|ASTM A320 Stud Bolts Types||All Thread, Double End, Single End|
|ASTM A320 Stud Bolts Industry Standards||ANSI – American National Standards Institute: ANSI B 18.2.4 2M, ANSI B 28.2.4 1M
DIN: DIN 934, DIN 970
UTS – Unified Thread Standard: UNC, UNF, UNEF, UNS, NPT, NPTF
ISO – International Organization for Standardization: ISO 4032, ISO 4033
|ASTM A320 Stud Bolts Specification||ASTM A320 / ASME SA320|
|ASTM A320 Stud Bolts Grades||Carbon Steel: B7, B7M, L7
Stainless Steel:B8, B8 CL2, B8M, B8M CL2, B16
Exotic Alloys: A20, 17-4PH, Monel, Inconel, Incoloy, Hastelloy
|ASTM A320 Stud Bolts Surface Coating|
|ASTM A320 Stud Bolts Packaging||Cartoon Box / Wooden Pallet / Wooden Box / Thread Protector|
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